Quote: "Most people stiffen with self-consciousness when they pose for a photograph. Lighting and fine camera equipment are useless if the photographer cannot make them drop the mask, at least for a moment, so he can capture on his film their real, undistorted personality and character. " Philippe Halsman joined Magnum Photos in 1951 and became a Contributing Member in 1956.

Philippe Halsman
American, b. Latvia 1906, d. USA 1979

Philippe Halsman was born in Riga and began to take photographs in Paris in the 1930s. He opened a portrait studio in Montparnasse in 1934, where he photographed André Gide, Marc Chagall, André Malraux, Le Corbusier and other writers and artists, using an innovative twin-lens reflex camera that he had designed himself. He arrived in the United States in 1940, just after the fall of France, having obtained an emergency visa through the intervention of Albert Einstein.

In the course of his prolific career in America, Halsman produced reportage and covers for most major American magazines, including a record 101 covers for Life magazine. His assignments brought him face-to-face with many of the century's leading personalities.

In 1945 he was elected the first president of the American Society of Magazine Photographers, where he led the fight for photographers' creative and professional rights. His work soon won international recognition, and in 1951 he was invited by the founders of Magnum Photos to join the organization as a 'contributing member', so that they could syndicate his work outside the United States. This arrangement still stands.

Halsman began a thirty-seven-year collaboration with Salvador Dalí in 1941 which resulted in a stream of unusual 'photographs of ideas', including 'Dalí Atomicus' and the 'Dalí's Mustache' series. In the early 1950s, Halsman began to ask his subjects to jump for his camera at the conclusion of each sitting. These uniquely witty and energetic images have become an important part of his photographic legacy.

Philippe Halsman died in New York City on 25 June 1979.

1998 Philippe Halsman: A Retrospective - National Portrait Gallery, Washington, D.C., USA


1998 Halsman Retrospective, Bulfinch Press, USA; Editions du Collectionneur, France
1989 Halsman at Work, Harry N. Abrams, USA
1983 Portraits, McCraw-Hill Book Company, USA
1979 Halsman, International Center of Photography, USA
1972 Sight & Insight, Doubleday & Company, USA
1961 Philippe Halsman on the Creation of Photographic Ideas,
A.S. Barnes and Company, USA
1959/86 Jumpbook, Simon & Schuster, USA; Harry N. Abrams, USA
1954/94 Dali’s Mustache, Simon & Schuster, USA
1949/06 The Frenchman, Simon & Schuster, USA; Benedikt Taschen, UK


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